en préparation

Turkish involvement


Reichskommissariat Kaukasus

  • Şükrü Saracoğlu, ancien ittihadiste
Hitler's strategic thinking delegated Turkey a role of an ally protecting Germany's southern flank against the remnants of the defeated USSR.[*1] On 17 March 1941, Hitler stated in a discussion with Franz Halder and Adolf Heusinger that Turkey was to receive territory in the Caucasus (perhaps the Caucasus as a whole) as a reward for helping the Axis, although the territories were to be 'exploited' by Germany.[*2][*3] In August 1941, Hitler proposed to the Turkish Ambassador in Berlin Hüsrev Gerede that Turkey should annex the Turkic areas of the Soviet Union.[*2] In mid-1942, Franz von Papen, the German Ambassador in Ankara, was challenged further by Prime Minister Şükrü Saracoğlu and Foreign Minister Numan Menemencioğlu on the future of the USSR's Turkic minorities.[*4] Turkish plans featured the establishment of a series of buffer states along the future Turkish-German border and a sphere of influence extending over these states.[*4] Hitler was however not ready to make territorial concessions to the country before it fully committed itself to the Axis camp.[*4]
  • - About German Invasion to Caucasus and forming Islamic volunteers in link with Middle East invasion:
    . Alexander Werth, "The Stalingrad Battle" and "From Stalingrad to Berlin" Chapter 7 "The Caucasus, there and back", P.648-668.
    . Ivan Tyulenev, "Cherez Tri Voyny" (Through Three Wars), Moscow,1960,

    - Brandenburg Unit operation in German Caucasian Campaign
    . World War II Magazine (Vol 11), N°2, By Cowles Enthusiast Media History Group, 1996. "Undercover" section, article by Christopher Lew, "The Brandenburg commandos were the warrior spies of the Abwehr's Intelligence agency", P.8 and 20.

    - Hitler and Bormann conversation over Caucasians and Muslims
    . Jean Robin "Hitler the Dragon chosen" (Hitler l elu du Dragon); the rebirth of Nazi esoterism" Ed. de la Maisnie, France, 1989, Chapter 6 P.94-95.


  • -1/ Rich, Norman (1974). Hitler's War Aims vol. II, p. 421

    -2/ Stegemann, Bernd; Vogel, Detlef (1995). Germany and the Second World War: The Mediterranean, South-East Europe, and North Africa, 1939-1941. Oxford University Press. p. 620. ISBN 0198228848.

    -3/ Alex J. Kay: Exploitation, Resettlement, Mass Murder: Political and Economic Planning for German Occupation Policy in the Soviet Union, 1940-1941. (Studies on War and Genocide, vol. 10) Berghahn Books, New York, Oxford 2006, p. 72

    -4/ Leitz, Christian (2000). Nazi Germany and Neutral Europe During the Second World War. Manchester University Press. p. 98. ISBN 0719050693.

Sources : Wikipedia

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Recherches sur web : Nil Agopoff